Module 1 – Risk Assessment and its processes
Key words associated with Risk Assessment Processes a. An accident - Is an unplanned event that results in loss b. A hazard - Is something that has the potential to cause harm c. A risk - Is the likelihood and the severity of a negative occurrence for example injury, ill-health, damage and loss resulting from a hazard. It is also a situation of exposure to danger or a probability of something bad happening.

Module 2 – Incident Command System (ICS)
ICS is a standardized approach to the command, control and and coordination of emergency response to providing a common hierarchy within which oil spill emergency responses can be effectively carried out.

Module 3 – Conduct and monitor assets integrity management programme for oil and gas operations in Nigeria
The ASM Department is charged with the responsibility for surveillance and to ensure compliance with all existing environmental legislation and the detection of oil spills in the petroleum sector (NOSDRA Establishment Act 2006 Section 6 (10) (a)). In achieving the above responsibility, there is need for a Pipeline Integrity Assurance Program under a full fledge Assets Integrity Management (AIM).

Module 4 – Asset Integrity Management: Standard operating procedure of hydrocarbon pipeline maintenance
This procedure is a guideline on the proper way to safely perform asset integrity management. The operators will the SOP as a guide to help them perform the integrity of the asset, and this will be in compliance with government regulations and standard.

Module 5 – Hazard Identification (HAZID)
Oil spills are one form of disaster that is not a natural disaster, but one that people have caused. An oil spill can harm birds, mammals, marine life and the environment in several ways via direct physical contact, toxic contamination, destruction of food sources, habitats, and reproductive problems.

About Lesson

At 11:30Hrs of Tuesday morning, 24th September, 2023; the Production Superintendent of Anangin’s Oil and Gas Unlimited, Obolo Terminal was notified of an oil spill sighted at about 30km off the shoreline. At 11:55Hrs, the oil spill was escalating and spreading fast towards the shoreline. The prevailing water temperature and depth around the spill site was 36oC and 12 – 14 meters respectively. The wind direction was North Easterly, while the wind speed was between 11 – 17 knots. The Terminal Manager requested the Production Manager to shut down production and transportation activities so as to reduce the volume of the spillage, which was estimated to be about 25,000bbls. This sudden crude oil release was overwhelming, thereby posing serious threat to the ecosystem and natural biodiversity, since it was moving towards the shoreline.

Incident Command System is a tool for Oil Spill Response management. ICS is required to ensure the safety of responders, protect the environment, ensure efficient use of resources by incorporating the command, control and coordination into the plan in a strategic, objective and tactical manner. The ICS presentation include the National Command & Control Centre Tier 3 Response, National & Zonal command structure for Tier 1& 2 and scenarios that requires Oil Spill activation.

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