Module 1 – Risk Assessment and its processes
Key words associated with Risk Assessment Processes a. An accident - Is an unplanned event that results in loss b. A hazard - Is something that has the potential to cause harm c. A risk - Is the likelihood and the severity of a negative occurrence for example injury, ill-health, damage and loss resulting from a hazard. It is also a situation of exposure to danger or a probability of something bad happening.

Module 2 – Incident Command System (ICS)
ICS is a standardized approach to the command, control and and coordination of emergency response to providing a common hierarchy within which oil spill emergency responses can be effectively carried out.

Module 3 – Conduct and monitor assets integrity management programme for oil and gas operations in Nigeria
The ASM Department is charged with the responsibility for surveillance and to ensure compliance with all existing environmental legislation and the detection of oil spills in the petroleum sector (NOSDRA Establishment Act 2006 Section 6 (10) (a)). In achieving the above responsibility, there is need for a Pipeline Integrity Assurance Program under a full fledge Assets Integrity Management (AIM).

Module 4 – Asset Integrity Management: Standard operating procedure of hydrocarbon pipeline maintenance
This procedure is a guideline on the proper way to safely perform asset integrity management. The operators will the SOP as a guide to help them perform the integrity of the asset, and this will be in compliance with government regulations and standard.

Module 5 – Hazard Identification (HAZID)
Oil spills are one form of disaster that is not a natural disaster, but one that people have caused. An oil spill can harm birds, mammals, marine life and the environment in several ways via direct physical contact, toxic contamination, destruction of food sources, habitats, and reproductive problems.

Incident Command System (ICS) Principles
About Lesson

2.4.1 Principles of ICS – Command, Control and Co-ordination
-COMMAND: internal direction of members and resources of an organization in the performance of the organization’s roles and tasks. It operates vertically within a single organization. At an incident scene, the Incident Commander has the authority to assume command because incident require someone to be in charge.
-CONTROL: overall direction of response activities in an emergency situation. It relates to situations and operates across multiple organizations.
-CO-ORDINATION: bringing together of organizations and resources to ensure consistent and effective response to an incident.

2.4.2 Principles of ICS – Response Planning Cycle
-PLANNING AND DECISION MAKING: Develop, consider and select strategies to respond to the incident
-IMPLEMENTATION: Operational implementation of the selected strategies
-MONITORING AND REVIEW: Put in place mechanism to evaluate the effectiveness of the implemented response strategies.

2.4.3 Principles of ICS – Incident Response Objectives, Strategies & Tactics
-Objectives: a statement of the goal of the incident response.
specific, measurable, achievable, time-bound, location
-Strategies: describes the response methods that will be employed to meet the incident objective.
-Tactics: describe the specific activities required to implement the selected response strategies such as detailed response actions, determine and assign resources, monitor performance and monitor safety of operations.

2.4.4 Principles of ICS – Incident Action Plan (IAP)
Every IAP must have five basic elements:
Area impacted, environmental & socio-economic resources at risk, response
resources deployed and actions taken
End results that the response activities are intended to achieve
Strategies & tactics, task priorities, timelines & deadlines, hazards management actions to be taken on completion of tasks
-Administration and Logistics
Transport, fuel, food, administrative support, equipment supply
-Command, Control, Co-ordination and Communication
Reporting arrangements, responsibilities, briefing times and locations, shift timings, communication arrangements.

Span of Control for effective ICS
-Number of personnel or functions that an individual can manage effectively
-For a single position in the ICS: 3 – 7
-Optimal number: 5

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